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Dietary Fiber

Published on: 6 Jan, 2023
Dietary fiber is an important component of a healthy balanced diet; it is essential in keeping the gut healthy as well as reducing the risk of developing a number of chronic illnesses. Unfortunately, only a small percentage of people consume adequate amounts of fiber on a daily basis. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends that women consume 25 grams of fiber per day, and men should consume 38 grams per day. In addition to providing numerous other health benefits, fruits, nuts, vegetables, legumes and whole grains are also good sources of fiber.

Fecal Transplants: The Secret to Long Life?

Published on: 8 Oct, 2022

Research published earlier this year found that fecal microbiota transplants from young mice to older mice can successfully reverse the signs of aging in the brain, eyes, and gut of the older mice. Scientists believe it may be possible to achieve the same in humans; they also believe that future scientific evidence may support the use of fecal microbiota transplants for the treatment of autoimmune disease, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, obesity, and heart disease. However, finding healthy fecal donors is surprisingly difficult. One way to overcome this may be to allow patients to collect a stool sample during their younger years, before most chronic medical issues arise, and storing the sample in a stool bank for transplant later on in life. While scientific evidence does not quite back up this approach yet, some researchers say that we should not wait, so that the fecal samples are available once the science catches up.

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New Hope for Patients with Rectal Cancer

Published on: 6 Sep, 2022
There is new hope for the 5-10% of patient with rectal cancer with tumours with deficient mismatch repair (dMMR). A drug by the name of dostarlimab, already approved for use in Canada for advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer, has shown promise for treatment of certain types of rectal cancer and researchers are greatly optimistic. In a small study, consisting of only 12 patients, all 12 of them had a complete clinical response to the drug. None of the patients had undergone surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation, and yet showed no signs of cancer in the follow up period, which ranged from 6 to 25 months. This is an encouraging finding, but until more research and longer term follow up is completed, standard treatment strategies such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are recommended.
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Western Diet and Colorectal Cancer

Published on: 9 Aug, 2022
Multiple studies have confirmed that diet influences the development of colorectal cancer. Researchers have recently gain new insight on how this association may work. A study performed in the United States aimed to examine the link between a typical Western-style diet (high in processed and red meats), a bacteria called pks+ E coli that has been shown to cause colonic cell mutations, and incidence of colorectal cancer. Study results have supported the researchers' hypothesis that Western-style diets can cause colorectal cancer as a result of the pks+ E coli bacteria. 
Early onset colorectal cancer (CRC), defined as a CRC diagnosis before the age of fifty, has risen sharply since the late 1980s. Furthermore, rates of early onset CRC are projected to double by the year 2030. Patients with early onset CRC are more likely to have an underlying hereditary syndrome compared to those who are diagnosed at a later age, but most cases do not have a clearly identifiable cause. However, rising obesity rates and changes in dietary habits, including higher intake of refined and processed foods, are theorized to play a role. Early and consistent screening, as well as raising awareness regarding the symptoms of colorectal cancer, is key in prevention, early detection, and successful treatment. 

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